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ERIC Number: EJ1092549
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Feb
Pages: 38
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0002-8312
Student Movement in Social Context: The Influence of Time, Peers, and Place
Dauter, Luke; Fuller, Bruce
American Educational Research Journal, v53 n1 p33-70 Feb 2016
Higher rates of school switching by students contribute to achievement disparities and are typically theorized as driven by attributes of individual pupils or families. In contrast the neoclassical-economic account postulates that switching is necessary for competition among schools. We argue that both frames fail to capture social-referential and institutional comparisons that drive student mobility, hypothesizing that pupil mobility stems from the (a) student's time in school and grade; (b) student's race, class, and achievement relative to peers; (c) quality of schooling relative to nearby alternatives; and (4) proximity, abundance, and diversity of local school options. Propositions are tested with discrete-time hazard models using data from Los Angeles, including 6.5 million observations. We find the student's position relative to peers, relative school quality, and proximity to local alternatives contribute significantly to the likelihood of switching schools, beyond the effects of individual pupil or family attributes. Implications for understanding "choice" as a social-referential process within diverse organizational fields like urban education markets are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A