ERIC Number: EJ1092064
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 68
Leadership and Decision-Making Practices in Public versus Private Universities in Pakistan
Zulfqar, A.; Valcke, M.; Devos, G.; Tuytens, M.; Shahzad, A.
Asia Pacific Education Review, v17 n1 p147-159 Mar 2016
The goal of this study is to examine differences in leadership and decision-making practices in public and private universities in Pakistan, with a focus on transformational leadership (TL) and participative decision-making (PDM). We conducted semi-structured interviews with 46 deans and heads of department from two public and two private universities in Pakistan. Our findings indicate that leadership and decision-making practices are different in public and private universities. While differences were observed in all six types of TL-behaviour, the following three approaches emerged to be crucial in both public and private universities: (1) "articulating a vision," (2) "fostering the acceptance of group goals," and (3) "high-performance expectations." In terms of PDM, deans and heads of department in public and private universities adopt a collaborative approach. However, on a practical level this approach is limited to teacher- and student-related matters. Overall, our findings suggest that the leadership and decision-making practices in Pakistani public and private universities are transformational and participative in nature.
Descriptors: Decision Making, Foreign Countries, Instructional Leadership, State Universities, Private Colleges, Transformational Leadership, Semi Structured Interviews, Deans, Administrator Attitudes, Comparative Education, Administrator Behavior, Expectation, Cooperation, Participative Decision Making, College Administration
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan