ERIC Number: EJ1091463
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 19
Why Are Fewer Women than Men from Top UK Universities Still Not Securing Graduate Level Jobs?
Black, Jonathan P.; Turner, Malgorzata
Oxford Review of Education, v42 n1 p55-70 2016
Research shows that a lower proportion of women than men are in graduate level jobs, six months after leaving seven top UK universities. This paper presents new empirical evidence from a unique dataset on the significantly different attitudes and behaviours between Oxford men and women undergraduates that might explain why women are less likely to have secured a graduate level job than men. Lower self-assurance, firmer beliefs in gender stereotypes, strong prestige and gender-characterisation of occupations, and favouring sectors with informal and low-status entry, all contribute to a lower proportion of women securing graduate level jobs. Despite many advances in recent years narrowing the gap between men and women, there remain policy implications for curriculum delivery and co-curricular courses to increase women's self-assurance and assertiveness, and thereby enable them to aspire to and then secure a wider range of higher prestige occupations.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Females, Disproportionate Representation, College Graduates, Employment Potential, Student Attitudes, Undergraduate Students, Self Concept, Gender Bias, Stereotypes, Reputation, Labor Market, Employment Level, Multiple Regression Analysis, Job Security, Employment Opportunities
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom