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ERIC Number: EJ1091389
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Preschoolers Use Common Ground in Their Justificatory Reasoning with Peers
Köymen, Bahar; Mammen, Maria; Tomasello, Michael
Developmental Psychology, v52 n3 p423-429 Mar 2016
In the context of joint decision-making, we investigated whether preschoolers alter the informativeness of their justifications depending on the common ground that they share with their partner. Pairs of 3- and 5-year-olds (N = 146) were introduced to a novel animal with unique characteristics (e.g., eating rocks). In the common ground condition, the children learned about the animal together. In the one-expert condition, one learned about it, the other was naïve. In the two-experts condition, children learned about it separately. Later, the pairs had to decide together on 3 items that the novel animal might need. Both age groups referred to the unique characteristics of the animal in their justifications more in the 2 conditions without common ground than in the common ground condition. Thus, preschoolers begin to use common ground flexibly in their justifications and reason-giving in peer interactions.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany