ERIC Number: EJ1091217
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 29
Is There an Oppositional Culture among Immigrant Adolescents in the Netherlands?
van Tubergen, Frank; van Gaans, Milou
Youth & Society, v48 n2 p202-219 Mar 2016
This study examines oppositional culture among immigrant and majority adolescents in the Netherlands. Oppositional culture theory expects that immigrant adolescents would uphold positive attitudes towards education. The social exclusion theory predicts instead that immigrant adolescents develop an oppositional culture, particularly in ethnically concentrated schools. To test these ideas, we make use of one of the first large-scale studies on oppositional culture in the Netherlands, and in Europe more generally. Applying multilevel analyses to a survey across 340 schools among 11,215 adolescents aged 11 to 19, we find no clear evidence that immigrant adolescents support oppositional culture either more or less than majority adolescents. Results however showed that oppositional culture differs across schools and that in more ethnically concentrated schools, there is a higher tendency for ethnic minority adolescents to skip classes. Furthermore, oppositional culture finds more support among adolescents who are in a higher grade, male, and who attend a lower education track.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Adolescents, Secondary School Students, Adolescent Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Educational Attitudes, Minority Group Students, Social Attitudes, Social Theories, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Negative Attitudes, Resistance (Psychology), Social Isolation, National Surveys, Student Surveys, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands