ERIC Number: EJ1090920
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 67
Undergraduate Students' Justifications for Source Selection in a Digital Academic Context
List, Alexandra; Grossnickle, Emily M.; Alexander, Patricia A.
Journal of Educational Computing Research, v54 n1 p22-61 Mar 2016
To complete any academic tasks using information from the Internet, undergraduate students first have to select the appropriate sources. However, the types of justifications that undergraduates provide for source selection and how these justifications may be impacted by task characteristics have been underexamined. This study explored undergraduates' reported justifications for source selection when responding to questions in a digital academic context. Participants were first asked to answer two questions, one discrete and one open-ended, using an online library of eight sources varying in type and reliability. Subsequently, a guided retrospective interview was used to elicit undergraduates' justifications for source selection. Source selection decisions were coded as epistemic (e.g., concerned with reliability or credibility) or nonepistemic (e.g., concerned with relevance or accessibility). Undergraduate students' justifications were significantly more likely to be nonepistemic than epistemic. Further, the reasons for selection offered differed when participants responded to the discrete versus open-ended question, to a limited extent. Epistemic justifications for source selection were related to a number of outcome measures, while nonepistemic justifications were not. Findings are discussed in reference to research and practice pertaining to undergraduates' multiple source use and task design.
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Information Sources, Information Seeking, Evaluation Criteria, Selection, Decision Making, Coding, Epistemology, Reliability, Credibility, Relevance (Education), Use Studies, Users (Information), Problem Solving, Mixed Methods Research, Statistical Analysis, Electronic Libraries, Interviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A