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ERIC Number: EJ1090906
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2295-3159
Advances in Temporal Analysis in Learning and Instruction
Molenaar, Inge
Frontline Learning Research, v2 n4 p15-24 2014
This paper focuses on a trend to analyse temporal characteristics of constructs important to learning and instruction. Different researchers have indicated that we should pay more attention to time in our research to enhance explanatory power and increase validity. Constructs formerly viewed as personal traits, such as self-regulated learning and motivation, are now conceptualized as a series of events that unfold over time. This raises new questions with regard to the temporal characteristics of these constructs and their dynamic interplay with learner and context characteristics. Even though the value of analyzing temporal characteristics is becoming evident, a number of challenges need to be tackled in order to make progress in the field of learning and instruction. First, we need to be aware of the paradigm shift that temporal analysis entails. Second, a common understanding of different dimensions of time and the position of temporal characteristics therein can facilitate our time-related research dialogue. Third, a better understanding how to answer time-related questions with appropriate methodological approaches needs to emerge. Fourth, researching temporal characteristics requires procedures and guidelines for segmenting time units. Fifth, temporal data are mostly collected at the micro level, whereas most theory is defined at a macro level; consequently we need to bridge these differences in the granularity used between collecting, coding and theorizing to enhance meaning making. Finally, so far, most examples of time-related research are exploratory or comparative studies; the next step is to move toward confirmative studies, which constitute the "Holy Grail" of temporal analysis.
European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction. Peterseliegang 1, Box 1, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A