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ERIC Number: EJ1090859
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2295-3159
Does Personalisation Promote Learners' Attention? An Eye-Tracking Study
Zander, Steffi; Reichelt, Maria; Wetzel, Stefanie; Kämmerer, Frauke; Bertel, Sven
Frontline Learning Research, v3 n4 p1-13 2015
The personalisation principle is a design recommendation and states that multimedia presentations using personalised language promote learning better than those using formal language (e.g., using "your" instead of "the"). It is often assumed that this design recommendation affects motivation and therefore allocation of attention. To gain further insight into the processes underlying personalisation effects we conducted an eye tracking experiment with 37 German university students who were presented with either personalised or formal learning materials. We examined group differences in attention allocation parameters (fixation rate, mean fixation duration, transition count, reading depth). The eye-tracking data was combined with self-reports concerning motivation, cognitive load, and learning outcomes. Eye-tracking data revealed a higher reading depth for the main picture areas of interest in the personalised condition. Additionally, participants found the personalised version more appealing and inviting. For learning outcomes, there was a positive effect of personalisation. However, after Bonferroni correction effects and therefore the pattern expected did not reach significance. The results are discussed in regard to their importance for methodological and practical implications for instructional design.
European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction. Peterseliegang 1, Box 1, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A