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ERIC Number: EJ1090766
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0165-0254
What Motivates Females and Males to Pursue Careers in Mathematics and Science?
Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Wang, Ming-Te
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v40 n2 p100-106 Mar 2016
Drawing on Eccles' expectancy-value model of achievement-related choices, we examined the personal aptitudes and motivational beliefs at 12th grade that move individuals toward or away from science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) occupations at age 29. In the first set of analyses, occupational and lifestyle values, math ability self-concepts, family demographics, and high school course-taking more strongly predicted both individual and gender differences in the likelihood of entering STEM careers than math scores on the Differential Aptitude Test. In the second set of analyses, individual and gender differences in career decisions within STEM disciplines (health, biological, and medical sciences (HBMS) versus mathematics, physical, engineering, and computer sciences (MPECS)) were best predicted by occupational values (i.e. preferences for work that were people oriented and altruistic predicted entrance into HBMS instead of MPECS careers). Females were less likely to hold the beliefs that predicted selection of STEM in general, but those who did choose STEM were more likely to select HBMS than MPECS. One Sentence Summary: Gender differences in selecting STEM related and health, biological, and medical occupations result primarily from gender differences in occupational and lifestyle values.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: Grade 12; Secondary Education; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Michigan
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Differential Aptitude Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: RO135423; 1108778