ERIC Number: EJ1090736
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Challenges to Developmental Regulation across the Life Course: What Are They and Which Individual Differences Matter?
Heckhausen, Jutta; Wrosch, Carsten
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v40 n2 p145-150 Mar 2016
We discuss the major processes involved in individuals' motivation and self-regulation of goal striving throughout the life course. While much is regulated based on the biological and societal scaffolding of lifespan development, certain challenges for motivation and self-regulation are more substantial and need to be managed by the individual, providing opportunities for researchers for testing the limits of individual capacities in developmental regulation. These challenging circumstances include major changes in age-graded opportunities for goal pursuit, uncertain or obfuscated opportunities, and major unexpected losses of control. Under such challenging circumstances, the consequences of individual differences in motivational self-regulation, such as optimism, action vs. state orientation, and goal-disengagement capacity are enhanced and may contribute to adaptive patterns of developmental regulation.
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Self Control, Positive Attitudes, Goal Orientation, Self Motivation, Adjustment (to Environment), Individual Development, Developmental Stages, Age Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
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