ERIC Number: EJ1090670
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
A Parent-Directed Language Intervention for Children of Low Socioeconomic Status: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study
Suskind, Dana L.; Leffel, Kristin R.; Graf, Eileen; Hernandez, Marc W.; Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Sapolich, Shannon G.; Suskind, Elizabeth; Leininger, Lindsey; Goldin-Meadow, Susan; Levine, Susan C.
Journal of Child Language, v43 n2 p366-406 Mar 2016
We designed a parent-directed home-visiting intervention targeting socioeconomic status (SES) disparities in children's early language environments. A randomized controlled trial was used to evaluate whether the intervention improved parents' knowledge of child language development and increased the amount and diversity of parent talk. Twenty-three mother-child dyads (12 experimental, 11 control, aged 1;5-3;0) participated in eight weekly hour-long home-visits. In the experimental group, but not the control group, parent knowledge of language development increased significantly one week and four months after the intervention. In lab-based observations, parent word types and tokens and child word types increased significantly one week, but not four months, post-intervention. In home-based observations, adult word tokens, conversational turn counts, and child vocalization counts increased significantly during the intervention, but not post-intervention. The results demonstrate the malleability of child-directed language behaviors and knowledge of child language development among low-SES parents.
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Low Income, Home Visits, Intervention, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Knowledge Level, Mothers, Experimental Groups, Observation, Outcomes of Treatment, Socioeconomic Status, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A