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ERIC Number: EJ1090666
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Feb
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0195-6744
The Expansion of the Child's Garden: Women's Education and Kindergarten Enrollment during the Twentieth Century
Schaub, Maryellen
American Journal of Education, v122 n2 p267-286 Feb 2016
The emergence and transformation of kindergarten in the United States is the quintessential example of the irrepressibility of schooling expansion, the ever-greater institutionalization of education in children's lives, and the rise in formal education's emphasis on cognitive skills among young children. This article explores the cultural transformation of kindergarten from a separate play-based experience to the first year of formal schooling. This happened all while kindergarten enrollments expanded. Over the course of the twentieth century, parents increasingly opted to enroll their children in formal schooling prior to compulsory attendance requirements, regardless of mothers' work status. Instead, enrollment rates are associated with mothers' education levels.
University of Chicago Press. Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 877-705-1878; Tel: 773-753-3347; Fax: 877-705-1879; Fax: 773-753-0811; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A