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ERIC Number: EJ1090591
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 28
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
ISSN: ISSN-1539-1523
Fifth Graders as App Designers: How Diverse Learners Conceptualize Educational Apps
Israel, Maya; Marino, Matthew T.; Basham, James D.; Spivak, Wenonoa
Journal of Research on Technology in Education, v46 n1 p53-80 2013
Instructional designers are increasingly considering how to include students as participants in the design of instructional technologies. This study provides a lens into participatory design with students by examining how students conceptualized learning applications in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) by designing paper prototypes of a learning application related to circuits and electricity. Eighty-nine fifth grade students, including students with learning disabilities and English language learners, participated in this study. Findings of this study indicated that all students conceptualized learning applications as a game and built scaffolds into the gameplay to encourage both content mastery and advancement in the game. Each of the paper prototypes that the students developed provided opportunities for progressive complexity of gameplay related to electricity and circuits as well as options for customization and building background knowledge. Finally, this article identifies implications of these results and considerations for future research.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: CFDA#84.327 A