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ERIC Number: EJ1090499
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Pages: 39
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0034-6543
Generational Differences in Academic Achievement among Immigrant Youths: A Meta-Analytic Review
Duong, Mylien T.; Badaly, Daryaneh; Liu, Freda F.; Schwartz, David; McCarty, Carolyn A.
Review of Educational Research, v86 n1 p3-41 Mar 2016
Research on generational differences in immigrant youths' academic achievement has yielded conflicting findings. This meta-analysis reconciles discrepant findings by testing meta-analytic moderators. Fifty-three studies provided 74 comparisons on academic outcomes. First- and second-generation youths did not significantly differ on academic achievement (Hedges's g = 0.01), and second-generation students performed slightly better than third-or-later-generation peers (g = 0.12). Moderation tests indicated that second-generation immigrants outperformed first-generation students on standardized tests (g = 0.20) and earned better grades than third-or-later-generation peers (g = 0.20). Immigrant advantage was stronger for Asian, low-socioeconomic, and community samples. Immigrant advantage may be overestimated in studies that use self-reported rather than school-reported achievement. Together, our results suggest a small, heterogeneous second-generation immigrant advantage that varies by immigrant population and study characteristics.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: F32HD070523