ERIC Number: EJ1090339
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Academic and Social Achievement Goals: Their Additive, Interactive, and Specialized Effects on School Functioning
Liem, Gregory Arief D.
British Journal of Educational Psychology, v86 n1 p37-56 Mar 2016
Background: Students' pursuit of academic and social goals has implications for school functioning. However, studies on academic and social achievement goals have been relatively independent and mainly conducted with students in culturally Western settings. Aims: Guided by multiple-goal perspectives, this study examined the role of academic and social achievement goals in outcome variables relevant to academic (achievement, effort/persistence), social (peer relationship satisfaction, loneliness), and socio-academic (cooperative learning, competitive learning, socially regulated, and self-regulated learning) functioning. Sample: A total of 356 Indonesian high-school students (mean age = 16 years; 36% girls) participated in the study. Methods: A self-report survey comprising items drawn from pre-existing instruments was administered to measure distinct dimensions of achievement goals and outcomes under focus. Regression analysis was performed to examine additive, interactive, and specialized effects of achievement goals on outcomes. Results: Aligned with the hierarchical model of goal relationships (Wentzel, 2000, "Contemp. Educ. Psychol.," 25, 105), academic and social achievement goals bore additive effects on most outcomes. Findings also revealed a specialized effect on academic achievement and notable interactive effects on cooperative learning. In general, mastery-approach and performance-approach goals were more adaptive than their avoidance counterparts. The effects of social development goals were positive, whereas those of social demonstration-approach goals were mixed. Contrary to prior findings, social demonstration-avoidance goals did not appear to be inimical for school functioning. Conclusions: Findings underscore the importance of both academic and social achievement goals in day-to-day school functioning and the need to consider the meaning of goals and the coordination of multiple goals from cultural lenses.
Descriptors: Objectives, High School Students, Academic Achievement, Peer Relationship, Psychological Patterns, Cooperative Learning, Competition, Social Development, Academic Persistence, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A