ERIC Number: EJ1090223
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 50
Knowledge Gaps and Rural Development in Tajikistan: Agricultural Advisory Services as a Panacea?
Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, v22 n1 p25-41 2016
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyse knowledge systems and channels of innovation diffusion in Tajikistan. In particular, I look at the formation of agricultural advisory services (AASs) and how these provide a vital source of knowledge and innovation for farmers during the transition process. Methodology: Empirically, this paper draws on qualitative, ethnographic research in the agricultural sector of Tajikistan, that is, semi-structured and in-depth interviews with agricultural experts, and a "farm diary" that provided data on farmers' perspectives regarding access to knowledge and expertise. Findings: Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the civil war in Tajikistan, knowledge available to farmers can be described as a mix of traces and fragments originating from the Soviet agricultural and educational system represented by universities, research institutes and academies of science, on the one hand, and Western-style knowledge, mainly introduced by development agencies, on the other. Donors are relatively new actors in the field of knowledge dissemination, but they are nevertheless very important ones. Under the "development" framework, that is, rhetorical, organisational and infrastructural development, different donors play their own parts, some of them geo-political. At the same time they provide support for the functioning of local non-governmental organisations and help to maintain them accordingly, and they are also used by Tajik political actors for their own purposes. Practical implications: From this discussion, practical suggestions are made on how AASs could be organised in Tajikistan, namely on existing assets, traditions and networks, thus reflecting the interplay between the main actors and local needs.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Rural Development, Agricultural Occupations, Qualitative Research, Ethnography, Semi Structured Interviews, Attitude Measures, Knowledge Level, Expertise, Political Influences, Agricultural Education, Postsecondary Education, Extension Education, Models, Innovation, Information Dissemination, Educational Methods, Donors, Advisory Committees
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tajikistan