ERIC Number: EJ1090126
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 76
What Does the Decline in the International Ranking of the United States in Educational Attainment Mean for Community Colleges?
Community College Journal of Research and Practice, v40 n4 p310-326 2016
This article was written in response to concerns that have been expressed about the possible consequences of an increasing number of countries overtaking the United States in educational attainment. International statistics on educational attainment were analyzed, questions about comparability of data were discussed, and the impact of different approaches to the organization of higher education on attainment rates was examined. The author concluded that comparing the rate of attainment of subbaccalaureate credentials between the United States and other countries is problematic both because of definitional issues, and as a consequence of the major transfer function of American community colleges. The article explains how colleges that previously offered short term vocational training in many European countries have evolved into vocationally-oriented baccalaureate granting institutions that have enabled their nations to achieve rapidly rising levels of baccalaureate degree attainment. It suggests that the experience of these countries may provide useful lessons--and cautions--for policy makers and educational leaders with respect to expanding the role of community colleges in awarding baccalaureate degrees.
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Institutional Characteristics, Reputation, Educational Attainment, Educational Trends, Trend Analysis, Statistical Analysis, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Bachelors Degrees
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Two Year Colleges; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Austria; Belgium; Canada; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Iceland; Ireland; Japan; Luxembourg; Mexico; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Slovakia; South Korea; Spain; Sweden; United Kingdom; United States