ERIC Number: EJ1090125
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
Trauma and Psychological Distress among Ethnically Diverse Community College Students
Edman, Jeanne L.; Watson, Susan B.; Patron, David J.
Community College Journal of Research and Practice, v40 n4 p335-342 2016
An association has been found between traumatic experiences and psychological distress; however, the impact of ethnicity on psychological distress is less clear. The present study examined the relationship between traumatic experiences and measures of psychological distress among a multiethnic sample of community college students. A total of 389 male and 848 female students completed a questionnaire that included the Distressing Events Questionnaire (DEQ), the Traumatic Life Events Questionnaire (TLEQ), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), the Bulimia (BUL), and the Drive for Thinness (DT) subscales of the Eating Disorders Inventory. As predicted, Blacks and Latinos reported higher levels of interpersonal trauma than White students. There was a positive association between trauma exposure and symptoms of depression, eating disorders, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and no ethnic differences were observed in depression and PTSD scores among students exposed to interpersonal trauma. The high levels of trauma among Blacks and Latinos should be of concern to academic institutions because trauma is linked to poor academic performance.
Descriptors: Two Year College Students, Ethnic Diversity, Trauma, Psychological Patterns, Stress Variables, Correlation, Ethnic Groups, Questionnaires, Eating Disorders, Depression (Psychology), Predictor Variables, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, African American Students, Hispanic American Students, White Students, Measures (Individuals), Asian American Students, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Two Year Colleges; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale