NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1090029
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1746-1979
Studying the Quality of Democracy: Two Cross-National Measures of Democratic Citizenship
Ledet, Richard
Education, Citizenship and Social Justice, v11 n1 p3-18 Mar 2016
This article provides new cross-national measures of two dimensions of democratic citizenship with great import for the study of democratic quality, expressive participation, and intolerance of diversity. Using data from the 2000-2001 wave of the World Values Survey, the paper present new ways to measure participation and intolerance, as well as a ranking of countries from every geographical region of the world. As discussed, democratic theory provides a firm basis for including these measures when comparing the quality of democracy between nations. No causal claims regarding these concepts are made, but the case is made that political democracies in which citizens expressively participate and exhibit tolerance are of a higher quality than political democracies where citizens do not expressively participate and are intolerant.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A