ERIC Number: EJ1089985
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Peer-Led Nutrition Education Programs for School-Aged Youth: A Systematic Review of the Literature
Yip, Calvin; Gates, Michelle; Gates, Allison; Hanning, Rhona M.
Health Education Research, v31 n1 p82-97 Feb 2016
To date, the impacts of school-based, peer-led nutrition education initiatives have not been summarized or assessed collectively. This review presents the current evidence, identifies knowledge gaps, and provides recommendations for future research. PubMed, Scopus, ERIC and Google Scholar were searched for refereed Canadian and American primary studies published between January 2000 and November 2013, following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Seventeen articles (11 programs) from Canada (24%) and the United States (76%) were identified. The results were summarized in terms of the study population, program design and main outcomes. Common outcome measures included healthy eating knowledge (n = 5), self-efficacy or attitudes towards healthy eating (n = 13), dietary measures (n = 9) and body mass index (n = 4), all of which tended to improve as a result of the programs. More research is needed to ascertain the effect of improvements in knowledge, self-efficacy and attitudes towards healthy eating on food behaviors. When evaluated, programs were generally well received, while the long-term maintenance of positive impacts was a challenge. Studies of sustainability and feasibility to promote long-term impact are a logical next step.
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Nutrition Instruction, Self Efficacy, Eating Habits, Health Behavior, Body Composition, Program Evaluation, Futures (of Society), Program Effectiveness, Knowledge Level, Dietetics, Student Attitudes, Food, Meta Analysis, Guidelines, Feasibility Studies, Sustainability, Behavior Change, Foreign Countries, Literature Reviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; United States
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A