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ERIC Number: EJ1089487
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1027-5207
The Development of Distance Education Systems in Turkey, the Russian Federation and Saudi Arabia
Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; Kondakci, Yasar; Bedenlier, Svenja; Alturki, Uthman; Aldraiweesh, Ahmed; Püplichhuysen, Diana
European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, v18 n2 p112-128 2015
In many countries, "open and distance education" is perceived as a way to meet the growing need for higher education. This paper explores the development of online and distance education in three countries that are still a white spot on the landscape of international distance education research although they have implemented elaborated distance education systems: Turkey, Russia and Saudi-Arabia. In order to understand the current state of distance education systems in the three countries, their respective systems are described from a historical perspective, compared in regard to their organization, important institutions for open and distance education and current developments. This comparative analysis directs the focus on little investigated education systems and contributes to an enhanced understanding of their past, present, and future.
European Distance and E-Learning Network. Available from: EDEN Secretariat, c/o Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Egry Jozsef u 1, H-1111, Hungary. Tel: +36-1-463-1628; Fax: +36-1-463-1858; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia; Saudi Arabia; Turkey
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A