ERIC Number: EJ1089445
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Do Live versus Audio-Recorded Narrative Stimuli Influence Young Children's Narrative Comprehension and Retell Quality?
Kim, Young-Suk Grace
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, v47 n1 p77-86 Jan 2016
Purpose: The primary aim of the present study was to examine whether different ways of presenting narrative stimuli (i.e., live narrative stimuli versus audio-recorded narrative stimuli) influence children's performances on narrative comprehension and oral-retell quality. Method: Children in kindergarten (n = 54), second grade (n = 74), and fourth grade (n = 65) were matched on their performance on a standardized oral-language comprehension task and then were randomly assigned to 1 of the 2 conditions that differed in how narrative stimuli were presented to children: live narrative stimuli and audio-recorded narrative stimuli. Results: Kindergartners and 2nd graders in the live condition had higher mean performance on narrative comprehension, with effect sizes of 0.43 and 0.39, respectively, after accounting for age, gender, and school. No differences were found in narrative comprehension for children in 4th grade. Children's oral-retell quality did not differ as a function of condition in any grade. Conclusion: These results suggest that how narrative stimuli are presented to children (i.e., live versus audio-recorded narrative stimuli) may affect children's narrative comprehension, particularly for young children in kindergarten and Grade 2. Implications for assessment and instruction are discussed.
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, Kindergarten, Grade 2, Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Language Skills, Oral Language, Comprehension, Audio Equipment, Comparative Analysis, Age Differences, Gender Differences, Institutional Characteristics, Recall (Psychology), Story Telling
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. 2200 Research Blvd #250, Rockville, MD 20850. Tel: 301-296-5700; Fax: 301-296-8580; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://lshss.pubs.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 2; Elementary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A130131