ERIC Number: EJ1089314
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
A Sociological Analysis of Science Curriculum and Pedagogic Practices
Alves, Vanda; Morais, Ana M.
Pedagogies: An International Journal, v7 n1 p52-71 2012
The study analyses the extent to which the sociological message transmitted by the teachers' pedagogic practice recontextualizes the official pedagogic discourse of the natural sciences curriculum for a Portuguese middle school. Theoretically, the study is based on theories of psychology (e.g. Vygotsky), epistemology (e.g. Ziman) and sociology, with a particular emphasis on Bernstein's theory of pedagogic discourse. A mixed methodology was used in the study. The results suggest the existence of processes of transformation of the message within the Ministry of Education, when passing from the general principles to the specific principles of the curriculum. Transformation is in the direction of decreasing the quality of science education. The results of the curriculum analysis are discussed with regard to specific characteristics studied: metascientific knowledge, scientific knowledge and competences, intradisciplinary relations and evaluation criteria. The results also showed a decrease in the quality of the teaching-learning process when recontextualizing curriculum into pedagogic practices. This is shown by the absence by teachers of recognition and passive and active realization rules in most of the characteristics under study. These processes of transformation of the message are discussed, as well as its consequences in terms of scientific literacy.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Curriculum, Educational Practices, Educational Sociology, Middle Schools, Natural Sciences, Mixed Methods Research, Educational Quality, Educational Trends, Scientific Literacy, Interdisciplinary Approach, Coding, Context Effect, Teaching Methods, Classroom Observation Techniques, Curriculum Implementation, Curriculum Development, Evaluation Criteria, Interviews
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Portugal