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ERIC Number: EJ1089144
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jan
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0364-0213
Knowing Who Knows: Laypersons' Capabilities to Judge Experts' Pertinence for Science Topics
Bromme, Rainer; Thomm, Eva
Cognitive Science, v40 n1 p241-252 Jan 2016
Because modern societies are built on elaborate divisions of cognitive labor, individuals remain laypersons in most knowledge domains. Hence, they have to rely on others' expertise when deciding on many science-related issues in private and public life. Even children already locate and discern expertise in the minds of others (e.g., Danovitch & Keil, 2004). This study examines how far university students accurately judge experts' pertinence for science topics even when they lack proficient knowledge of the domain. Participants judged the pertinence of experts from diverse disciplines based on the experts' assumed contributions to texts adapted from original articles from "Science" and "Nature." Subjective pertinence judgments were calibrated by comparing them with bibliometrics of the original articles. Furthermore, participants' general science knowledge was controlled. Results showed that participants made well-calibrated pertinence judgments regardless of their level of general science knowledge.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A