ERIC Number: EJ1089009
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
Sources of Variability in Children's Drawings
Simon, Lia; Stokes, Patricia D.
Creativity Research Journal, v27 n1 p31-38 2015
An experiment involving 90 students in the 1st, 3rd, and 5th grades investigated how visual examples and grade (our surrogate for age) affected variability in a drawing task. The task involved using circles as the main element in a set of drawings. There were two examples: One was simple and single (a smiley face inside a circle); the other, complex and dual (a fishbowl extending outside a circle and a bicycle using two circles). There were significant effects of both example and grade on variability. Between-grades, 3rd and 5th graders were more variable than 1st graders with the complex (but not the simple) set of examples. Within-grades, 3rd and 5th graders were more variable with the complex (compared to the simple) set of examples. First graders' variability levels did not change with examples. The discussion focuses on how examples have and should be used to increase variability in drawings of both younger and older children.
Descriptors: Childrens Art, Freehand Drawing, Grade 1, Grade 3, Grade 5, Creative Thinking, Statistical Analysis, Gifted, Talent, Elementary School Students, Children, Creativity, Experiments, Comparative Analysis, Data, Creativity Tests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 1; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 3; Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking