NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1088914
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2156-8235
Societal Production and Careers of PhDs in Chemistry and Biochemistry in France and Japan
Lanciano-Morandat, Caroline; Nohara, Hiroatsu
European Journal of Higher Education, v3 n2 p191-205 2013
Since the late 1980s, the production of PhDs has become a much-discussed political issue, and the reforms and tensions surrounding this category of graduates have gathered momentum. Vocational fields and the contents of PhD education have evolved everywhere, partly because, as academic competition has intensified, the American "graduate school model" has become widely diffused at international level. Based on both quantitative surveys and qualitative investigations, this article attempts to understand the ways in which PhDs are produced and integrated into the labour market in France and Japan, the way in which PhD training is linked to Japanese and French higher education and research policies and the way they have evolved together in recent years. In doing so, we seek to determine the societal foundation underpinning the labour market for PhD holders and the innovation trajectory each of the countries is now following.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France; Japan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A