ERIC Number: EJ1088645
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Effects of Viewing Relational Aggression on Television on Aggressive Behavior in Adolescents: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study
Coyne, Sarah M.
Developmental Psychology, v52 n2 p284-295 Feb 2016
Most researchers on media and aggression have examined the behavioral effects of viewing physical aggression in the media. Conversely, in the current study, I examined longitudinal associations between viewing "relational aggression" on TV and subsequent aggressive behavior. Participants included 467 adolescents who completed a number of different questionnaires involving media and aggression at 3 different time points. Results revealed that viewing relational aggression on TV was longitudinally associated with future relational aggression. However, early levels of relational aggression did not predict future exposure to televised relational aggression. Conversely, there was a bidirectional relationship between TV violence and physical aggression over time. No longitudinal evidence was found for a general effect of viewing TV, as all significant media effects were specific to the type of aggression viewed. These results support the general aggression model and suggest that viewing relational aggression in the media can have a long-term effect on aggressive behavior during adolescence.
Descriptors: Aggression, Adolescents, Interpersonal Relationship, Television Viewing, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation, Questionnaires, Predictor Variables, Violence, Statistical Analysis, Factor Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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