ERIC Number: EJ1088588
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Screening of Infants at Eight Months for Atypical Development in Primary Health Care in Southern Sweden
Sivberg, Bengt; Lundqvist, Pia; Johanson, Ingmarie; Nordström, Berit; Persson, Bengt A.
Early Child Development and Care, v186 n2 p287-306 2016
Screening studies of a population in primary health care are sparsely reported. The aim was to describe observed atypical behaviours that may be associated with autism spectrum conditions, in a population (n?=?4,329) of infants at eight months. Observations were performed by paediatric nurses. An observational instrument, named SEEK developed for child health care, was used focusing on social interaction, communication, motor skills, and an interview with parents. The analysis contains descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and a logistic regression model (cut-point 8 SEEK points). Infants scoring 8 points or more were observed a second time by psychologists and judged to be in the risk zone for atypical development. Delayed reaction to stimuli and preverbal language development were significant atypical behaviours together with deficits in communication skills, the latter more often among boys than girls. However, 7% scored 4 points or more indicating minor developmental problems. Catching early signs are crucial for both proactive care and intervention.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Primary Health Care, Screening Tests, Child Development, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Infant Behavior, Observation, Nurses, Pediatrics, Interaction, Interpersonal Relationship, Interpersonal Communication, Psychomotor Skills, Interviews, Parents, Statistical Analysis, Correlation, Scores, Reaction Time, Language Skills, Gender Differences, Social Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A