ERIC Number: EJ1088550
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
Which Competencies Are Most Important for Creative Expression?
Epstein, Robert; Phan, Victoria
Creativity Research Journal, v24 n4 p278-282 2012
In a follow-up to a previously published study (Epstein, Schmidt, & Warfel, 2008), an ethnically-diverse sample of 13,578 people in 47 countries (mainly the United States and Canada) took an online test that measures 4 trainable competencies that have been shown to enhance creative expression in individuals. The new study confirmed that the test has high internal-consistency reliability and reasonably strong predictive validity. Competency scores were good predictors of self-reported frequency of creative expression and moderately good predictors of life satisfaction and professional success. Scores were also substantially higher for people who had had creativity training, and more training was associated with higher scores. Small but statistically significant differences in scores were found for gender (women outscoring men) and race/ethnicity. Of the 4 competencies examined, capturing (preserves new ideas as they occur) proved to be the best predictor of self-reported creative expression, followed by "challenging" (takes on difficult tasks), "broadening" (expands one's skills and knowledge), and "surrounding" (arranges stimulating physical and social environments).
Descriptors: Creative Activities, Creativity, Art Expression, Skill Analysis, Predictor Variables, Predictive Validity, Likert Scales, Factor Analysis, Item Analysis, Minimum Competency Testing, Foreign Countries, Regression (Statistics)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; United States