ERIC Number: EJ1088532
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Abstractor: As Provided
Influences of Social and Educational Environments on Creativity during Adolescence: Does SES Matter?
Dai, David Yun; Tan, Xiaoyuan; Marathe, Deepti; Valtcheva, Anna; Pruzek, Robert M.; Shen, Jiliang
Creativity Research Journal, v24 n2-3 p191-199 2012
It is well established that there is an academic achievement gap between students from high and low socioeconomic family backgrounds. However, how being brought up and living in different socioeconomic backgrounds impacts adolescent development, particularly their creative capabilities and creativity-related personality traits, is not well understood. This study compared creative capabilities and traits of 8th grade students of 2 school districts: a suburban, upper-middle class community and an urban community with a large proportion of families under poverty, located in a northeastern state. The results provide compelling evidence for a creativity gap. The study also found a possible mediating role of academic achievement and intrinsic cognitive motivation, suggesting that the psychosocial processes and mechanisms leading to the creativity gap are tractable. Implications of the findings for optimal adolescent development and social interventions are discussed.
Descriptors: Social Environment, Educational Environment, Social Influences, Creativity, Adolescents, Socioeconomic Status, Adolescent Development, Personality Traits, Comparative Analysis, Grade 8, Suburban Schools, Urban Schools, Academic Achievement, Motivation, Educational Attainment, Parent Background, Middle School Students, Statistical Analysis, Multiple Regression Analysis, Questionnaires, Personality Measures
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: NEO Personality Inventory
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A