ERIC Number: EJ1088513
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 65
Causal Analysis to Enhance Creative Problem-Solving: Performance and Effects on Mental Models
Hester, Kimberly S.; Robledo, Issac C.; Barrett, Jamie D.; Peterson, David R.; Hougen, Dean P.; Day, Eric A.; Mumford, Michael D.
Creativity Research Journal, v24 n2-3 p115-133 2012
In recent years, it has become apparent that knowledge is a critical component of creative thought. One form of knowledge that might be particularly important to creative thought relies on the mental models people employ to understand novel, ill-defined problems. In this study, undergraduates were given training in the use of causal relationships in applying mental models in creative problem-solving. A pre-post design was used to assess the effects of this training on mental models and creative problem-solving. It was found that causal analysis training resulted in the acquisition of better mental models (in terms of subjective and objective attributes) and better solutions (in terms of quality, originality, and elegance) to problems calling for creative thought among high-ability participants. The implications of these findings for understanding the role of mental models in creative problem-solving are discussed.
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Creative Thinking, Cognitive Structures, Undergraduate Students, Pretests Posttests, Training, Instructional Effectiveness, Causal Models, Ability
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Need for Cognition Scale; Vandenberg Mental Rotations Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: IIS0852589