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ERIC Number: EJ1088254
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jan
Pages: 35
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0021-8251
Development of Probabilistic Understanding in Fourth Grade
English, Lyn D.; Watson, Jane M.
Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, v47 n1 p28-62 Jan 2016
The authors analyzed the development of 4th-grade students' understanding of the transition from experimental relative frequencies of outcomes to theoretical probabilities with a focus on the foundational statistical concepts of variation and expectation. After observing the decreasing variation from the theoretical probability as the sample size increased, students developed a deeper understanding of the relationship between relative frequency of outcomes and theoretical probability as well as their respective associations with variation and expectation.
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. 1906 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 800-235-7566; Tel: 703-620-9840; Fax: 703-476-2570; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A