ERIC Number: EJ1087814
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
Does the Well-Being of Individuals with Down Syndrome and Dementia Improve When Using Life Story Books and Rummage Boxes? A Randomized Single Case Series Experiment
Crook, Nicola; Adams, Malcolm; Shorten, Nicola; Langdon, Peter E.
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v29 n1 p1-10 Jan 2016
Background: This study investigated whether a personalized life story book and rummage box enhanced well-being and led to changes in behaviour for people with Down syndrome (DS) who have dementia. Materials and Methods: A randomized single case series design was used with five participants who had DS and a diagnosis of dementia. Participants were invited to take part in three conditions at random (i) life story book, (ii) rummage box and (iii) no-intervention condition. Results: The two reminiscence conditions were significantly associated with enhanced well-being as compared to the no-intervention condition. However, for one participant, the life story book was associated with significantly higher well-being, while for another participant, the rummage box was associated with significantly higher well-being, suggesting some participants may prefer one method over another. Conclusions: Personalized life story books and rummage boxes are associated with higher levels of well-being for people with DS and dementia.
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Behavior Change, Down Syndrome, Dementia, Comparative Analysis, Biographies, Story Reading, Randomized Controlled Trials, Well Being, Program Effectiveness, Stimuli, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)