ERIC Number: EJ1087641
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 73
A Confluence of Evidence: What Lies behind a "Whole School" Approach to Health Education in Schools?
Thomas, Felicity; Aggleton, Peter
Health Education, v116 n2 p154-176 2016
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the evidence base to support whole school approaches. Design/methodology/approach: The authors conduct a review of published evaluations and evidence syntheses across six areas in the international health-promoting schools literature. Findings: Although whole school approaches are often advocated in literature and policy on health-promoting schools, the evidence base for their effectiveness is partial and is often health topic specific. This paper reviews the evidence base across six different health-related areas, namely: sexual health; bullying; alcohol and drug use; mental health; school connectedness; and access to services. It identifies commonalities in learning, enabling a confluence of evidence on the factors central to the provision of effective health education and support within schools. Whilst findings endorse a whole school approach, they also suggest that some of the more subtle evidence-based principles on which such approaches are underpinned are not generally explicitly reflected in practice. Originality/value: The paper offers the first cross-topic synthesis of findings on health education effects and effectiveness in six health-related areas, to identify commonalities in learning. Findings contribute to the evidence base for the use of a whole school approach when undertaking health education in schools.
Descriptors: Educational Methods, Health Education, Holistic Approach, Literature Reviews, Health Promotion, Sexuality, Bullying, Alcohol Abuse, Drinking, Drug Abuse, Mental Health, Student School Relationship, Access to Health Care, Barriers
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
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