ERIC Number: EJ1087401
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Hazing Rites/Rights: Using Outdoor- and Adventure Education-Based Orientation to Effect Positive Change for First-Year Athletes
johnson, jay; Chin, Jessica W.
Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, v16 n1 p16-30 2016
This study is a qualitative examination of the experiences and impact of participating in an outdoor-based and adventure education-based orientation as an alternative to traditional forms of sport team initiation. Traditional forms of initiation for the participants in this study had included hazing ceremonies, whereby new team members were forced to engage in degrading, humiliating and abusive activities to secure their place on a team. Following an experiential weekend orientation that incorporated cooperative, team-building and adventure-based challenges, interviews were conducted with male and female varsity athletes from collegiate hockey, volleyball, badminton and basketball teams in Canada. The participants observed how the cooperative, outdoor team activities contributed to an egalitarian, inclusive climate, which promoted team cohesion, communication and support among veteran and rookie athletes. Tackling team challenges that required support and cooperation for success facilitated the restructuring of pre-established hierarchical relationships, which led to changes in the ways athletes perceived and subsequently treated each other throughout the orientation and into their season. This study highlights some of the promising possibilities for creating new welcoming traditions for collegiate athletic teams that draw from experiential outdoor education and adventure-based models.
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Outdoor Education, Athletes, Adventure Education, Antisocial Behavior, Team Sports, Experiential Learning, Cooperation, Teamwork, Program Descriptions, College Athletics, Interpersonal Communication, Interpersonal Relationship, Social Integration, Foreign Countries, Interviews, Student Attitudes, College Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A