ERIC Number: EJ1087080
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 85
Key Skills for Science Learning: The Importance of Text Cohesion and Reading Ability
Hall, Sophie Susannah; Maltby, John; Filik, Ruth; Paterson, Kevin B.
Educational Psychology, v36 n2 p191-215 2016
To explore the importance of text cohesion, we conducted two experiments. We measured online (reading times) and offline (comprehension accuracy) processes for texts that were high and low cohesion. In study one (n?=?60), we manipulated referential cohesion using noun repetition (high cohesion) and synonymy (low cohesion). Students showed enhanced comprehension accuracy and faster comprehension responses for text that were high in referential cohesion. In study two (n?=?52), we examined connective text designs ("because", "and" and "no connective"). Students demonstrated enhanced reading times for text using a "because" connective. Additionally, we examined the individual differences (reading ability, science self-concept and self-esteem) as predictors of achievement with science comprehension tasks. Across both experiments reading ability predicted comprehension with both high (noun-repetition text and "and" text) and low cohesion text (synonym text and "no connective" text). These findings highlight the importance of good reading abilities and text cohesion for promoting science comprehension and learning.
Descriptors: Connected Discourse, Reading Ability, Reading Comprehension, Accuracy, Nouns, Repetition, Self Concept, Self Esteem, Secondary School Students, Science Achievement, Secondary School Science, Foreign Countries, Self Concept Measures, Individual Differences, Reaction Time
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Nelson Denny Reading Tests; Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale