ERIC Number: EJ1087002
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 62
Shaping Relations: Exploiting Relational Features for Visuospatial Priming
Livins, Katherine A.; Doumas, Leonidas A. A.; Spivey, Michael J.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v42 n1 p127-139 Jan 2016
Although relational reasoning has been described as a process at the heart of human cognition, the exact character of relational representations remains an open debate. Symbolic-connectionist models of relational cognition suggest that relations are structured representations, but that they are ultimately grounded in feature sets; thus, they predict that activating those features can affect the trajectory of the relational reasoning process. The present work points out that such models do not necessarily specify what those features are though, and endeavors to show that spatial information is likely a part of it. To this end, it presents 2 experiments that used visuospatial priming to affect the course of relational reasoning. The first is a relational category-learning experiment in which this type of priming was shown to affect which spatial relation was learned when multiple were possible. The second used crossmapping analogy problems, paired with this same type of priming, to show that visuospatial cues can make participants more likely to map analogs based on relational roles, even with short presentation times.
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Spatial Ability, Prediction, Cues, Task Analysis, Learning Processes, Undergraduate Students, Cognitive Mapping, Correlation, Statistical Analysis, Visual Stimuli, Verbs, Accuracy
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California