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ERIC Number: EJ1086089
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Feb
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1521-0251
The Role of First-Semester GPA in Predicting Graduation Rates of Underrepresented Students
Gershenfeld, Susan; Hood, Denice Ward; Zhan, Min
Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, v17 n4 p469-488 Feb 2016
Academic performance is a primary predictor of college graduation, yet few studies have examined one of the earliest indicators of academic performance--first-semester grade point average (GPA). Given the considerable public and private investment in ensuring access for underrepresented students, a focus on the role of first-semester GPA for these students is particularly important. This is a study of 1,947 students at a public, flagship university in the Midwest who were enrolled between 2005 and 2006 in targeted access program(s) that offered scholarship and support services. A set of logistic regression models indicate low first-semester GPA is a statistically significant factor in explaining why underrepresented students do not graduate within the 6-year time frame. In addition to students on academic probation (GPA below 2.0 on a 4.0 scale), this includes students with a GPA between 2.0 and 2.33. Independent effects of race and scholarship/support programs are also assessed. Policy and practice implications are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A