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ERIC Number: EJ1085542
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jan
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1362-3613
The Questions Verbal Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Encounter in the Inclusive Preschool Classroom
Sanders, Eric J.; Irvin, Dwight W.; Belardi, Katie; McCune, Luke; Boyd, Brian A.; Odom, Samuel L.
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v20 n1 p96-105 Jan 2016
This study investigated questions adults asked to children with autism spectrum disorder in inclusive pre-kindergarten classrooms, and whether child (e.g. autism severity) and setting (i.e. adult-to-child ratio) characteristics were related to questions asked during center-time. Videos of verbal children with autism spectrum disorder (n?=?42) were coded based on the following question categories adapted from the work of Massey et al.: management, low cognitive challenging, or cognitively challenging. Results indicated that management questions (mean?=?19.97, standard deviation?=?12.71) were asked more than less cognitively challenging questions (mean?=?14.22, standard deviation?=?8.98) and less cognitively challenging questions were asked more than cognitively challenging questions (mean?=?10.00, standard deviation?=?6.9). Children with higher language levels had a greater likelihood of receiving cognitively challenging questions (odds ratio?=?1.025; p?=?0.007). Cognitively challenging questions had a greater likelihood of being asked in classrooms with more adults relative to children (odds ratio?=?1.176; p?=?0.037). The findings present a first step in identifying the questions directed at preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder in inclusive classrooms.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule; Childhood Autism Rating Scale; Mullen Scales of Early Learning; Preschool Language Scale
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R324B070219