ERIC Number: EJ1085541
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 71
Structural and Inherent Case in the Non-Native Processing of Spanish: Constraints on Inflectional Variability
Hopp, Holger; León Arriaga, Mayra E.
Second Language Research, v32 n1 p75-108 Jan 2016
This article reports an eye-tracking study on the native and non-native processing of case in Spanish. Twenty-four native and 27 first language (L1) German non-native speakers of Spanish were tested on their sensitivity to case marking violations involving structural case with objects of ditransitive verbs and to violations of inherent case for objects of transitive verbs (differential object marking; DOM). Both groups distinguished between grammatical and ungrammatical case marking for all sentence types in off-line acceptability judgments. In reading, however, the non-native speakers, unlike the native speakers, were sensitive only to violations of structural case marking with ditransitive verbs and the erroneous realization of DOM with inanimate objects. In contrast, they did not show processing slowdowns for the omission of DOM with animate objects. We interpret the asymmetry in non-native processing as reflecting sensitivity of the parser to grammatical feature hierarchies in that the parser licenses default case markings, yet flags feature clashes occasioned by the suppliance of erroneous inflectional forms with inherent case marking. We discuss the findings in the context of current approaches to second language (L2) acquisition and processing.
Descriptors: Language Processing, Second Language Learning, Spanish, Grammar, Language Research, Eye Movements, Form Classes (Languages), Reading Processes, Verbs, Decision Making, German, Native Speakers, Sentence Structure, Task Analysis, Error Patterns, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany