ERIC Number: EJ1085129
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 72
Cognitive and Academic Abilities Associated with Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Comparison between Subtypes in a Greek Non-Clinical Sample
Papaioannou, Sophia; Mouzaki, Angeliki; Sideridis, Georgios D.; Antoniou, Foteini; Padeliadu, Suzanna; Simos, Panagiotis G.
Educational Psychology, v36 n1 p138-158 2016
The study assessed cognitive and academic performance of children demonstrating teacher-rated ADHD-related symptoms (Inattention [IA] and/or Hyperactivity/Impulsivity [H/I]) in a representative sample of, largely untreated, Greek elementary school students (N?=?923). A battery of tests assessing short-term memory (STM), sustained attention, executive functions (EFs), reading and math skills were administered. Significant deficits in EFs and STM were restricted to the groups of students displaying inattention symptoms and were only marginally elevated among students showing hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms alone, in comparison to their non-symptomatic peers. A similar pattern of group differences was observed on tests assessing word- and text-level reading skills. Impaired performance on sustained attention tasks was less evident. Among students who manifested inattention symptoms, those who also showed impaired reading skills presented more severe EFs deficits than typically achieving students. Results demonstrated a close link between EFs, other than inhibition and set-shifting, everyday symptoms of inattention, and achievement in math and word-level reading skills.
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Short Term Memory, Reading Skills, Academic Achievement, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Comparative Analysis, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Skills, Executive Function, Conceptual Tempo, Correlation, Inhibition, Mathematics Achievement, Foreign Countries, Verbal Ability, Intelligence Tests, Vocabulary, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Greece
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Raven Progressive Matrices; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children