ERIC Number: EJ1084919
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
Causation Fallacy 2.0: Revisiting the Myth and Math of Affirmative Action
Hughes, Sherick; Thompson Dorsey, Dana N.; Carrillo, Juan F.
Educational Policy, v30 n1 p63-93 Jan 2016
Justice Goodwin Liu reexamined seminal affirmative action in higher education legal cases beginning with the landmark 1978 case, "Regents of the University of California v. Bakke" and leading up to the U.S. Supreme Court's 2003 decision in "Gratz v. Bollinger." Liu argued that the "Bakke and Gratz" lawsuits were grounded in an underlying causation fallacy, largely because neither case involved enough applicants of color to change the likelihood of Bakke's and Gratz's admittance. Recent lawsuits from self-identified White and Asian, rejected applicants have emerged against top-ranked universities. This article revisits Liu's assertions by applying his critical approach to those cases. Data indicate too few applicants of color to change the likelihood of recent plaintiffs' admittance. Concluding arguments name Causation Fallacy 2.0 as a useful tool for explaining the cultural politics of race surrounding affirmative action admissions cases.
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Higher Education, Court Litigation, Disproportionate Representation, Minority Group Students, College Admission, Politics of Education, Legal Problems, Selective Admission, White Students, Asian American Students, Racial Bias, Scores, Aptitude Tests, College Applicants, African American Students, Hispanic American Students, Admission Criteria, Racial Relations, Racial Integration, School Desegregation, Civil Rights Legislation, Competitive Selection
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Bakke v Regents of University of California; Gratz et al v Bollinger et al