ERIC Number: EJ1084808
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 87
Self-Regulation and Task Engagement as Predictors of Emergent Language and Literacy Skills
Bohlmann, Natalie L.; Downer, Jason T.
Early Education and Development, v27 n1 p18-37 2016
Research Findings: A growing emphasis in the literature on children's self-regulation signals the need for increased understanding of the ways in which young children become active players in the acquisition of knowledge. In particular, self-regulation may be linked to subsequent academic achievement through greater engagement with the learning tasks and activities made available in the preschool classroom. This study tested preschoolers' (N = 603) observed task engagement in the classroom as mediating the relations between directly assessed self-regulation and changes in their language and literacy outcomes during the preschool year. Findings indicate that self-regulation is directly related to observed task engagement as well as changes in a host of language and literacy skills. Engagement with tasks and activities in the classroom also partially mediates the association between self-regulation and changes in expressive vocabulary. Mediation through task engagement was not found for receptive language or early literacy skills. Practice or Policy: Findings suggest that the development and evaluation of clearly articulated preschool curricula designed to promote academic achievement by fostering self-regulation is an important direction for future research.
Descriptors: Self Control, Preschool Children, Academic Achievement, Language Skills, Literacy, Learner Engagement, Expressive Language, Vocabulary Development, Receptive Language, Predictor Variables, Demography, Measures (Individuals), Observation, Surveys, Verbal Ability, Intelligence Tests, Vocabulary
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Woodcock Johnson Psycho Educational Battery