ERIC Number: EJ1084808
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 87
Self-Regulation and Task Engagement as Predictors of Emergent Language and Literacy Skills
Bohlmann, Natalie L.; Downer, Jason T.
Early Education and Development, v27 n1 p18-37 2016
Research Findings: A growing emphasis in the literature on children's self-regulation signals the need for increased understanding of the ways in which young children become active players in the acquisition of knowledge. In particular, self-regulation may be linked to subsequent academic achievement through greater engagement with the learning tasks and activities made available in the preschool classroom. This study tested preschoolers' (N = 603) observed task engagement in the classroom as mediating the relations between directly assessed self-regulation and changes in their language and literacy outcomes during the preschool year. Findings indicate that self-regulation is directly related to observed task engagement as well as changes in a host of language and literacy skills. Engagement with tasks and activities in the classroom also partially mediates the association between self-regulation and changes in expressive vocabulary. Mediation through task engagement was not found for receptive language or early literacy skills. Practice or Policy: Findings suggest that the development and evaluation of clearly articulated preschool curricula designed to promote academic achievement by fostering self-regulation is an important direction for future research.
Descriptors: Self Control, Preschool Children, Academic Achievement, Language Skills, Literacy, Learner Engagement, Expressive Language, Vocabulary Development, Receptive Language, Predictor Variables, Demography, Measures (Individuals), Observation, Surveys, Verbal Ability, Intelligence Tests, Vocabulary
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Woodcock Johnson Psycho Educational Battery