ERIC Number: EJ1084799
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
The Effects of Textual Enhancement Type on L2 Form Recognition and Reading Comprehension in Spanish
LaBrozzi, Ryan M.
Language Teaching Research, v20 n1 p75-91 Jan 2016
Previous research investigating the effectiveness of textual enhancement as a tool to draw adult second language (L2) learners' attention to the targeted linguistic form has consistently produced mixed results. This article examines how L2 form recognition and reading comprehension are affected by different types of textual enhancement. Participants (n = 109) in the experimental group read a passage that contained one type of textual enhancement (underline, bold, italics, change in font size, use of capital letters or change of font) on the target structure (Spanish present and preterit tense) morphemes. A control group (n = 16) read the same passage without any type of enhancement. To measure L2 form recognition, all groups completed pre- and post-tests consisting of an L2 to first language (L1) translation task. To assess the effects of enhancement type on L2 reading comprehension, the participants completed a 40 item multiple choice test with questions focusing on form or meaning from the reading. Results for the present study revealed that one type of textual enhancement was better than others with regard to facilitating L2 form recognition, and that comprehension was not hindered by enhancement, regardless of enhancement type.
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Reading Comprehension, Control Groups, Morphemes, Translation, Experimental Groups, Multiple Choice Tests, Reading Tests, Language Tests, Pretests Posttests, Layout (Publications), Punctuation, Spanish, College Students, Task Analysis, Scoring, Statistical Analysis, Verbs, Word Recognition, Teaching Methods, Native Speakers
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
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