ERIC Number: EJ1084616
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 21
A Multidisciplinary Guided Practical on Type I Diabetes Engaging Students in Inquiry-Based Learning
Mingueneau, M.; Chaix, A.; Scotti, N.; Chaix, J.; Reynders, A.; Hammond, C.; Thimonier, J.
Advances in Physiology Education, v39 n4 p383-391 Dec 2015
In the present article, we describe a 3-day experimental workshop on type I diabetes aimed at helping high school students to understand how fundamental research on glycemia regulation contributes to the development of scientific knowledge and therapeutic strategies. The workshop engaged students in open-ended investigations and guided experiments. Each class was divided into three or four groups, with each group working with a trained doctoral student or postdoctoral fellow. During an initial questioning phase, students observed slides depicting the glycemia of individuals in various situations. Students identified hyperglycemic individuals relative to the average glycemia of the displayed population. Students were asked to devise a treatment for these diabetics. They quickly realized that they couldn't experiment on patients and understood the need for laboratory models. Each group gave ideas of experiments to perform. We then explained, taking into account their propositions, the protocols students could execute to address one of the following questions: Which criteria must an animal model of diabetes fulfill? How do pancreatic cells maintain glycemia? Is there a way to produce an insulin protein similar to the one released by human pancreatic cells? We used two different evaluation metrics of the workshop: a questionnaire filled out by the students before and after the workshop and a poster produced by students at the end of the workshop. We found that this educational approach successfully improved student awareness and understanding of the scientific reasoning and research process.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Diabetes, Workshops, High School Students, Medical Research, Science Experiments, Therapy, Knowledge Level, Graduate Students, Models, Science Laboratories, Human Body, Questionnaires, Program Evaluation, Thinking Skills, Program Effectiveness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France