ERIC Number: EJ1084563
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
Perceptions of Body Weight and Nutritional Practices among Male and Female National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II Athletes
Adams, Valerie J.; Goldufsky, Tatum M.; Schlaff, Rebecca A.
Journal of American College Health, v64 n1 p19-24 2016
Objective: This study investigated body weight and nutritional behavior perceptions among Division II collegiate athletes. Participants: The sample was composed of 155 collegiate athletes who responded to a survey. Methods: Data were self-reported by athletes via questionnaire. Independent-sample t tests were used to identify significant gender differences related to body weight perceptions, nutritional practices, and ideal weight difference (IWD). An alpha level of 0.05 was used to determine statistical significance. Results: Mean ± SD female and male IWD was -6.8 ± 8.8 and 1.3 ± 12.3 lbs, respectively (p < 0.001). Significant differences in level of agreement regarding perceived body weight effects on performance and dietary practices existed between genders. Conclusions: Significant gender differences may exist regarding body weight perceptions and nutritional practices among collegiate athletes. Deliverance of gender-specific educational information about proper nutritional practices is warranted. To properly tailor interventions to specific sports, research with larger sample sizes is needed.
Descriptors: Body Weight, Self Concept, Human Body, Gender Differences, Nutrition, College Athletics, Athletics, Performance, Student Surveys, Student Attitudes, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis, Eating Habits
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Michigan