ERIC Number: EJ1083984
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 64
Community Violence Exposure and Adolescent Delinquency: Examining a Spectrum of Promotive Factors
Chen, Pan; Voisin, Dexter R.; Jacobson, Kristen C.
Youth & Society, v48 n1 p33-57 Jan 2016
This study examined whether promotive factors (future expectations, family warmth, school attachment, and neighborhood cohesion) moderated relationships between community violence exposure and youth delinquency. Analyses were conducted using N = 2,980 sixth to eighth graders (M[subscript age] = 12.48; 41.1% males) from a racially, ethnically, and socioeconomically diverse sample. After controlling for demographic factors, delinquency was positively associated with community violence exposure and inversely associated with each of the promotive factors. When interaction effects between all promotive factors and community violence exposure were examined simultaneously, only future expectations moderated the relationship between community violence exposure and delinquency. Specifically, community violence exposure had a weaker association with delinquency for youth reporting high versus low levels of future expectations. Results indicate that while promotive factors from family, school, and neighborhood domains are related to lower rates of delinquency, only future expectations served as a protective factor that specifically buffered youth from the risk effects of community violence exposure.
Descriptors: Violence, Community Characteristics, Delinquency, Futures (of Society), Family Relationship, Affective Behavior, Correlation, Attachment Behavior, Student School Relationship, Middle School Students, Student Attitudes, Risk, Student Diversity, Gender Differences, Poverty, Computer Software, Statistical Analysis, Antisocial Behavior, Multivariate Analysis, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: DP2OD003021