ERIC Number: EJ1083786
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
State Policy Responses to Ensuring Excellent Educators in Rural Schools
Gagnon, Douglas J.; Mattingly, Marybeth J.
Journal of Research in Rural Education, v30 n13 2015
The Excellent Educators for All initiative is the most recent federal policy effort to address unequal access to teacher quality in the United States. States were required to submit equity plans to the U.S. Department of Education that detailed how to ensure that poor and minority children do not receive instruction from less qualified teachers. States could extend their plans to include rural students, although this was not a statutory requirement. Past federal reform efforts around raising teacher quality have been widely criticized as being overly prescriptive, and ultimately failing to account for the unique contexts of rural schools. We examine the extent to which rural needs are addressed in all available state equity plans. We find that roughly half of U.S. states examine equity gaps along the urban-rural continuum, and roughly half propose rural-specific policy solutions to improve rural school staffing, although less than a third do both. States across the country employ a range of strategies in roughly equal measure, including grow your own programs, financial incentives, communities of practice, and capacity building. In addition to detailing findings and providing nuanced examples, this article also discusses implications for students and state policy.
Descriptors: State Policy, Rural Schools, Rural Education, Teacher Competencies, Teacher Effectiveness, Educational Change, Educational Quality, Statewide Planning, Equal Education, Educational Strategies, Program Development, Incentives, Communities of Practice, Capacity Building, Teacher Recruitment, Research Methodology
Penn State University College of Education, Center on Rural Education and Communities. 310B Rackley Building, University Park, PA 16802. Tel: 814-863-2031; Web site: http://www.jrre.psu.edu/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States