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ERIC Number: EJ1083386
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1543-4303
Contract Learning as an Approach to Individualizing EFL Education in the Context of Assessment for Learning
Zandi, Hamed; Kaivanpanah, Shiva; Alavi, Sayyed Mohammad
Language Assessment Quarterly, v12 n4 p409-429 2015
Contract learning as an approach to individualizing education in the context of assessment for learning is relatively underexplored in English as a Foreign Language instruction. The present study used a mixed-methods design to investigate its efficacy to provide feedback to students and improve self-directed learning. Furthermore, it studied students' impression of the assessment procedure and their agency. After taking a diagnostic test of grammatical knowledge, participants (N = 14 graduate students) received treatment, using learning contracts, and then took a posttest. A paired t test showed a significant improvement in their grammatical knowledge (t = 7.96, df = 13, p = 0.00), the effect size being r = 0.91. The analysis of data from an open-ended questionnaire helped explain how the approach had a positive effect on learning of grammar. The results also indicated that the students had favorable attitudes toward contract learning, mentioning that it had a beneficial impact on their studying behavior. The article concludes with a discussion on the validity considerations of using contract learning in an assessment for learning context.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A