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ERIC Number: EJ1082847
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1306 3065
High School Students' Understanding of Acid-Base Concepts: An Ongoing Challenge for Teachers
Damanhuri, Muhd Ibrahim Muhamad; Treagust, David F.; Won, Mihye; Chandrasegaran, A. L.
International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, v11 n1 p9-27 2016
Using a quantitative case study design, the "Acids-Bases Chemistry Achievement Test" ("ABCAT") was developed to evaluate the extent to which students in Malaysian secondary schools achieved the intended curriculum on acid-base concepts. Responses were obtained from 260 Form 5 (Grade 11) students from five schools to initially create the two-tier multiple-choice items. After pilot testing, the final version of the "ABCAT" consisting of 19 items, 10 multiple-choice items and nine two-tier multiple-choice items, was administered to 304 students in Form 4 (Grade 10) from seven secondary schools when 12 alternative conceptions were identified by at least 10% of the students. Of these alternative conceptions, three were displayed by less than 15% of students. The two-tier multiple-choice items had a slightly higher internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha) of 0.54 than the multiple-choices items with a value of 0.42. The data from the study suggest that the "ABCAT" has shown the extent to which the teaching has reduced the incidence of students' scientifically inappropriate understandings; for example, in nine of the 19 items, no alternative conceptions were displayed by the students.
International Consortium for the Advancement of Academic Publication. Abant Izzet Baysal University, Faculty of Education, 14280 Golkoy-Bolu, Turkey. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Malaysia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A